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Ecological green zero energy building design features

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In recent years, China's construction industry has developed rapidly, but the extensive growth of the number of buildings, the construction and use of the building process resources are serious, facing the challenges of promoting low-carbon, environmental protection and energy-saving aspects of sustainable building development. .
In fact, the "green building" of China has existed since ancient times. The ancient Chinese literature has such a record: "In the ancient world, the people were few and the beasts, the people were not victorious, the sages were made by the saints, and the wood was the nest to avoid the evil." The "nested" in the text is the earliest green building. Our ancestors take local materials and make full use of natural conditions without causing major impacts on the surrounding environment. In the 21st century, China's green building technology is becoming more mature, and many green demonstration projects have emerged. When designing architectural plans, combined with the design of the building, many modern advanced technologies, such as solar photovoltaic technology, breathing wall technology, passive Solar heating technology, clear water concrete construction technology, basement cold energy, green plant cooling, etc., so that the building achieves green environmental protection, energy saving, zero energy consumption.
The main point of green building is to provide people with a comfortable and healthy living and working environment, save resources, protect the environment, and realize the harmonious symbiosis of architecture, people and nature. The design features of green buildings mainly include the following aspects:
1. People-oriented
This is the most basic principle of green building design. It cannot pursue energy conservation and environmental protection at the expense of human health and quality of life.
2, save energy
Reduce building energy consumption with renewable natural resources such as solar, wind and geothermal energy. At the same time, choose renewable materials that are easily degradable, such as bamboo materials. In addition, the quality of building materials must be strictly checked to ensure that the materials used are non-polluting and non-radiative. In the design of green buildings, we must do a combination of reality, and we must not sacrifice economic benefits to ensure "green".
3, return to nature
In the design of green buildings, we must fully consider the surrounding environment and achieve coordination as much as possible to achieve the purpose of protecting the ecological environment. According to the actual situation, the renewable energy source provided by the environment can be used to adjust the microclimate by using the water body and vegetation around the building, so as to improve the thermal environment.
4, harmony-based, overall design
As a result of the existence of human behavior, the construction and use of the whole life process of demolition has an environmental impact. Therefore, paying attention to its life cycle not only provides people with a healthy and comfortable living space, but also has little impact on the environment after dismantling. The dismantled materials can be further recycled. At the same time, the green building design should emphasize the overall design idea, comprehensively consider the economic, cultural, climate and other factors to achieve a perfect organic system with the surrounding environment. For example, in cold areas, if the insulation performance of the window is not good, that is, the use of expensive wall insulation materials will not achieve the effect of energy saving.
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